While this list is not comprehensive, it intends to introduce a lay Muslim to the basic historical, sociological, and theological framework for doing anti-racism work in the Muslim community, particularly in education institutions. Although classical Muslim scholars wrote about and created theories of race and culture, only recently have scholars and leaders began to look at the methods for addressing community divides. Muslim anti-racism work is a difficult and challenging topic that requires some general background knowledge to help make sense of the complex intersections of race, class, culture, language, religious identity, and gender. In addition to reading MuslimARC introductory material, we encourage you to read the following works to gain a better understanding of how race and racism is understood, the history of Muslim societies, in particular Muslim communities in the West, and common methods for anti-racism.
- To provide lay readers with a general overview of sociological theories on race, historical developments of race in Muslim societies and communities, and anti-racism practice
- Create a shared language for MuslimARC supporters
- Create a general understanding of MuslimARC’s work
General Works on Racism
- Bonilla-Silva, B. (2003). Racism without racists: Color-blind racism and the persistence of racial inequality in America. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, Inc.
- Desmond, M., & Emirbayer, M. (2009). What Is Racial Domination? Du Bois Review: Social Science Research on Race, 6 (2), 335-355. Retrieved from http://www.ssc.wisc.edu/~emirbaye/Mustafa_Emirbayer/ARTICLES.html
- Johnson, A. G. (2006). Privilege, power, and difference. Boston, MA: McGraw-Hill.
- Lake, M. and Reynolds, H. (2008). Drawing the Global Color Line: White Men’s Countries and the International Challenge of Racial Equality. Cambridge : Cambridge University Press.
General Works to Understand Race and Muslim Communities
- Aidi, H.D. (2014). Rebel music: Race, empire, and the new Muslim youth culture. New York: Pantheon.
- GhaneaBassiri, K. (2010). A history of Islam in America: From the new world to the new world order. New York: Cambridge University Press .
- Grewal, Z. (2013) Islam is a foreign country: American muslims and the global crisis of authority. New York: NYU Press.
- Hunwick, J. O. & Powell, E. T. (2002). The African diaspora in the mediterranean lands of Islam. Princeton, NJ: Markus Wiener Publishers.
- Iyer, D. (2015). We too sing America: South Asian, Arab, Muslim, and Sikh immigrants shape our multiracial future. New York:The New Press.
- Jackson, S. A. (2005). Islam and the Blackamerican: Looking for a third resurrection. New York: Oxford University Press.
- Karim, J. A. (2009). American Muslim women: Negotiating race, class, and gender within the ummah. New York: New York University Press.
- Lapidus, Ira M. (1988). A history of Islamic societies. Cambridge, MA: Cambridge University Press.
- Muslim Anti-Racism Collaborative. (2015). Study of Intra-Muslim Ethnic Relations: Muslim American Views of Race Relations. http://www.muslimarc.org/wp-content/uploads/2014/12/MuslimARC-InterEthnic-Study-2015.pdf
- Derman-Sparks, L. & Ramsey, P. (2011). What if all the kids are white? Anti-bias multicultural education with young children and families, 2nd edition. New York: Teachers College Press.
- Flower, T. (2001). Long-term anti-racism strategies: A guide to developing effective community projects.” University of Victoria. http://www.icavictoria.org/sites/default/fs/Long%20Term%20Srategies%20Anti-Racism.pdf
- Lee, E., Menkart, D. & Okazawa-Rey, M. (1998). Beyond heroes and holidays: A practical guide to K-12 anti-racist, multicultural education and staff development. Washington, D.C.: Network of Educators on the Americas.
- Parker, R. & Chambers, P. S. (2005). The Anti-racist cookbook: A recipe guide for conversations about race that goes beyond covered dishes and “kum-bah-ya” Roselle, NJ: Crandall, Dostie & Douglass.
- Pollock, M. (2008). Everyday antiracism: Getting real about race in school. New York: The New Press.
- Sue, D.W. (2015) Race talk and the the conspiracy of silence: Understanding and facilitating difficult dialogues on race. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons.
- Williams, D. (N.D.). Beyond the golden rule: A parent’s guide to preventing and responding to Prejudice.Teaching Tolerance Website. Retrieved from http://www.tolerance.org/publication/beyond-golden-rule